- Chandrayaan-2 launches India’s most powerful rocket from GSLV Mk-III
- Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) and Rover (Pragyan) in Chandrayaan-2
- After 48 days of launch, the vehicle will reach the surface of the moon
Sriharikota Chandrayaan-2 was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Center of Sriharikota (Andhra Pradesh) at 2.43 pm on Monday afternoon. Yan successfully reached Earth orbit only after 17 minutes of launch. On this occasion, Sivan, Chairman of ISRO said that the speed and condition of the rockets are normal.
Modi said: Special moment of glorious history Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Chandran-2 launch said that it will become the most special moment of the country’s glorious history. Due to the relentless efforts of the successful launch scientists and the will of 130 million Indians, It will open a new dimension of science. Every Indian will be feeling proud today.
Congratulations to ISRO for furthering Indigenous Space Program: President
Chandrayaan-2 will be the first spacecraft to land near the Moon’s South Pole in approximately 50 days from now. Hope this mission will give birth to new discoveries and enrich our knowledge systems. I wish the success of Chandrayaan-2 team – President Kovind
– President of India (@rashtrapatibhvn) July 22, 2019
India’s historic journey begins: ISRO chairman Sivan said, “I am very pleased to announce that GSLV-3 has installed Chandrayaan-2 in the classroom 6,000 km away from the earth. This is the beginning of our historic journey. The vehicle will reach the Moon’s South Pole. All technical disturbances were detected and resolved. In the next one and a half days, necessary tests will be done, which will decide that the mission is in the right direction. ”
One day before the launch rehearsal
Earlier this year, ISRO had completed the launch rehearsal of Chandrayaan-2 on Saturday. ISRO tweeted on Thursday that the launch of Chandrayaan-2 was scheduled to be 2.51 pm on July 15, which was postponed due to technical flaws. ISRO has cured all technical flaws within a week.
About 15 minutes before the start of the mission on July 15, ISRO had announced to launch the launch by tweeting. BR Gurprasad, Associate Director of ISRO, told that there was a failure in launching the vehicle system just before the launch. For this reason, the launch of Chandrayaan-2 has been deferred. Later on Saturday, ISRO tweeted that the launch rehearsal of GSLV Mk3-M1 / Chandrayaan-2 has been completed. Its performance is normal.
Chandrayaan-2 will lessen one round of earth , despite the launch of one week ahead of the launch, the date on Chandrayaan-2 moon will reach 7th September. It is intended to be delivered on time so that landers and rover can work according to schedule schedule. To save time, Chandrayaan will take less than one round of earth. There were 5 rounds before, but now it will rotate 4. Its landing is fixed in such a place where the sunlight is high. The lights will begin to subside after September 21. Lander-Rover has to work for 15 days, so it is necessary to arrive on time.
Chandrayaan-2, the weight of Chandrayaan-2, was launched from India’s most powerful GSLV Mark-III rocket. This rocket has three modules orbiter, lander (Vikram) and rover (pragyan). Under this mission, plan to land the lander at the southern pole of ISRO moon. This time Chandrayaan-2 weighs 3,877 kg. It is about three times more than the Chandrayaan-1 mission (1380 kg). The speed of the rover inside the lander is 1 cm per second.
What is Chandrayaan-2 mission? How different is it from Chandrayaan-1? Chandrayaan-2 is actually a new version of Chandrayaan-1 mission. It includes orbiter, lander (Vikram) and rover (pragyan). Chandrayaan-1 had only orbiter, which roamed in the orbit of the moon. India will launch lander on moon surface for the first time through Chandrayaan-2. This landing will be on the southern pole of the moon. With this, India will become the first country to land on the moon’s southern pole.
What will the orbiter, lander and rover work? After reaching the orbit of the orbit, the orbiter will work for one year. Its main purpose is to communicate between Earth and Lander. The orbiter will map the surface of the moon so that the existence and development of the moon can be traced. At the same time, Lander and Rover will work on the moon (equivalent to 14 days of Earth). Lander will check whether earthquakes occur on the moon or not. Whereas, the rover will detect the presence of mineral elements on the surface of the moon.
For the first time launch of Chandrayaan-2, Tolly ISRO was to launch Chandrayaan-2 in October 2018 first. Later, its date was extended to January 3 and again to 31st January. Afterwards it was postponed until July 15 due to other reasons. Due to changes during this time, load of Chandrayaan-2 has also increased in advance. There were some changes in GSLV Mark 3 as well.