“I’m busy with other projects now. The case remains in good hands, there’s Gavin and everyone else,” is a message a person or group of people under the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto sent to developer Mike Hearn on April 23, 2011. It is considered to be the last or one of the last confirmed contacts with the creator of bitcoin, after which he disappeared just as he appeared – from nowhere to nowhere.
However, the “hunt” for Satoshi began a little earlier: on December 12, 2010, he posted his last post on the forum bitcointalk.org, in which he stressed that bitcoin is still vulnerable to DoS attacks. At the same time, people began to wonder, “Is this a real person?”
Since then, the search for the creator of bitcoin does not subside: every year the versions become more and more, but the community has not come close to solving. Was he really a libertarian? Did he develop bitcoin on political grounds? Is he Japanese? There are no answers to these questions.
One thing is for sure: Satoshi’s disappearance was a defining moment in the history of bitcoin, as then the community lost a leader dictating all further actions, and for the protocol began a long and exhausting test of sustainability to the censorship he had successfully passed.
Easters in plain sight
The community is convinced that Satoshi Nakamoto is a pseudonym. One of the Japanese users of the forum once noticed that in Japan it is not customary to write a name before the last name, which Nakamoto constantly did. In addition, the creator of bitcoin has never used Japanese words, which convinced most truth seekers that he is not Japanese. However, some assumed that Satoshi originally wanted people to come to this conclusion.
In Japanese, Satoshi means “wise” or “clear thinking.” -Naka can mean “inside” or “relationship” and -moto – “origin,” “foundation,” “foundation.” Together, it turns out something like “clear thinking inside the base.”
Some offered more trivial explanations: a quartet of technology companies Samsung, Toshiba, Nakamichi, and Motorola may form the name of Satoshi Nakamoto, but this seems to be drawn by the ears.
April 5, 1975. It is this date of birth that is listed in Nakamoto’s profile on the P2PFoundation website. Of course, it also found a hidden meaning: on April 5, 1933, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an executive order #6102, better known as an order to confiscate gold from the population. It was not officially suspended until 31 December 1974, the day before the beginning of 1975.
Swiss programmer Stefan Thomas discovered that between 05:00 and 11:00 (GMT) Nakamoto never published anything. This included weekends. Thus, Thomas suggested that Nakamoto lives in the UK. In favor of this version spoke and the features of the almost perfect English language of the creator of bitcoin – he often used words like “bloody,” “optimize” or “color”, which is typical of the British. Satoshi’s genesis unit featured a clipping from the British edition of The Times, which talked about the possibility of a second bailout for banks in the United Kingdom during the 2008 financial crisis.
At the same time, it should not be excluded that Satoshi deliberately left such clues to confuse the traces. According to linguist Adam Penenberg, British English was only a disguise. His own investigation led him to a certain Neil King, an incredibly educated and well-read man who left reviews for 46 books on Amazon, including astronomy, biology, cryptography, linguistics, literature, mathematics, philosophy and Physics. King himself later denied his involvement in the development of bitcoin.
Penenberg also claimed that programmers Vladimir Oxman and Charles Bray were competent enough to create such a system, but they quickly denied it.
Developer Laszlo Heinitz, who bought a pizza for 10,000 BTC in 2010, once said that the bitcoin code is written too well for one person. “I always thought it was almost certainly not a real person.”
“The Bitcoin Tutorial” author Bruce Kleinman agrees with this version. He is convinced that it is impossible to find one person with knowledge of cryptography, network architecture, software architecture, and cybersecurity.
It is noteworthy that one of the most extraordinary members of the community John McAfee added fuel to the fire of this version in 2019, saying that bitcoin was developed by a team from India. However, the seriousness of this statement is highly questionable, given McAfee’s reputation.
Dr. Adam Beck, a creator of the Hashcash algorithm and CEO of Blockstream, strongly disagrees with this statement. He pointed to the constancy in coding and the author’s style of Satoshi in his letters and documents. Back and the longest-serving Satoshi was considered true, as he created a prototype of the Proof-Of-Work algorithm back in the 1990s, and he was quoted as a bitcoin white paper, but he repeatedly rejected these speculations and urged the community to stop hunting.
“It’s not going to do any good,” he said.
In 2011, one of the most famous white hackers in the world, Dan Kaminski, who at one time discovered a critical vulnerability in the DNS protocol, decided to hack bitcoin. He was fully confident in his abilities:
“The formatting of the code was just insane. Only the most paranoid and painstaking programmer on the planet could avoid mistakes,” he said at the time.
Kaminski developed nine approaches to attacking the protocol, but each time he was waiting for the same message: “Attack Removed.”
“I’ve never seen anything like it. He is a world-class programmer with a deep knowledge of the C.I.A. He understands economics, cryptography, and peer-to-peer networks. Either it’s a whole team or this guy is a genius,” the hacker concluded.
In the same year, the new Yorker journalist Joshua Davis was poisoned in search of Nakamoto. Among the visitors to the 2011 Crypto conference, he found nine people from the UK and Ireland. Six of them were a group from the University of Bristol with no experience with peer-to-peer networks, and two more cryptography were unremarkable, but the latter caught Davis’ attention. It turned out to be a graduate of Dublin Trinity College Michael Clear.
He was a college student in 2008, developed software for Allied Irish Banks, and wrote a detailed academic paper on peer-to-peer technologies. Clear was also fluent in the language of the C.E.O., and when asked about the financial crisis, he said that it could have been avoided.
However, Clear eventually denied involvement in the creation of bitcoin but sent Davis to Finland to a man named Vili Lehdonvirt, who, in his opinion, could be Satoshi. Lehdonvirta himself laughed for a long time, but in the end, he answered to the journalist:
“I would like to say that I am Satoshi because bitcoin is a very reasonable invention. But it’s not me.”
In support of his words, he said that he had no experience in cryptography, and his knowledge of cz is severely limited.
Another person, who because of his deep knowledge of the C.I. got into the lens of Satoshi seekers, was the entrepreneur Elon Musk, who likes to attribute all the ingenious inventions on the planet. Musk himself quickly denied the rumors, but in his subsequent statements acknowledged the advantages of bitcoin over paper money.
There is another popular conspiracy theory, according to which bitcoin was created by developers from the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA). In her favor allegedly speaks an article by researchers of the agency called “How to create a mint: cryptography of anonymous electronic money”, published in 1996. However, the community considers this version to be highly implausible since in reality, the NSA’s description was more like David Chow’s eCash system.