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What is the Shimla Agreement between India and Pakistan and what is the Lahore Declaration?


  • External Affairs Minister put in the Rajya Sabha on the government’s side on Trump’s statement
  • Jayashankar told Trump’s statement wrong, not change India’s stand
  • Jaishankar mentioned the Shimla Agreement and the Lahore Manifesto in the statement

National Desk External Affairs Minister S.K. on Tuesday after US President Donald Trump’s controversial statement on the Kashmir dispute. Jaishankar kept the government’s side in the Rajya Sabha. He said that “India’s situation has always been clear that any issue with Pakistan will be resolved in a bilateral manner. To negotiate with Pakistan, cross-border terrorism must be closed. ‘ He further said, “Shimla Agreement and Lahore Declaration provide the basis for resolving all bilateral issues between India and Pakistan.” The government had to give this cleanliness because on Monday, at a press conference, the US President claimed that the Indian Prime Minister had asked him about mediation on Kashmir issue. We are telling you about the Shimla Agreement and the Lahore Declaration by Foreign Minister Jayashankar.

Shimla Agreement 1972

  • The Simla Agreement was signed between India and Pakistan on July 3, 1972. On which India’s then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and the then Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto had signed. This agreement, which was in the aftermath of the 1971 war, was more than a peace agreement. In this, the two countries had decided by mutual commitment that the resolution of every dispute would be resolved peacefully through bilateral dialogue. At the same time, such a foundation will be created for mutual relations, in which people will be given special attention to the contact of people. Apart from this, Jammu and Kashmir, which is the biggest issue between India and Pakistan, had agreed to maintain the status quo on the Line of Control.
  • According to the agreement, the governments of India and Pakistan had acknowledged that the two countries are ready to promote mutual and cordial relations to overcome mutual conflict and confrontation and to pursue mutual relations and establish peace in the subcontinent. Therefore, now both countries will use their resources and energy to improve their position. It was also agreed in the agreement that the governments of the two countries will take every possible step on their part to stop the propaganda against each other. Both countries will encourage the spread of such information, which encourages the development of friendly relations between the two.

The agreement between the two governments was made on these issues:

Both India and Pakistan will remove the army from the international border with each other. The Line of Control of the Line of Control made in Jammu and Kashmir on December 17, 1971 will be respected by both parties without any bias. Nor will any party try to change it albeit in spite of mutual differences and legal interpretations. By using force for the violation of this line or threatening it, the two parties will keep themselves away.

Lahore Declaration 1999

  • In February 1999, Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Pakistan’s Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif had signed the Lahore manifesto. The purpose of which was the progress and prosperity of the people living there besides establishing peace and stability between the two countries. According to the manifesto, the two countries agreed that the development of sustainable peace and harmonious relationships and friendly cooperation would prove to be helpful in the interest of the people of both the countries. They will be able to dedicate their energy to a better future.
  • Both countries had acknowledged that due to the power of nuclear power, it is the responsibility of both of them that they will try to avoid conflict. Both countries are committed to the Universal Accepted Principles of the principles and objectives of the Charter of the United Nations and the peaceful coexistence of the United Nations. Reiterating the determination of the two countries to implement the Shimla Agreement in the manifesto; The commitment to global nuclear disarmament and the purpose of non-proliferation was expressed. To improve the security environment in the area, there was a consensus on the importance of understanding the importance of measures for building trust. Simultaneously, recalling the agreement of September 23, 1998, both were also unanimous on the fact that the atmosphere of peace and security is in the highest national interest of both parties and solutions to all outstanding issues including Jammu and Kashmir are necessary for this purpose. .

The agreement between the two governments was made on these issues:

  • We will speed up our efforts to solve all issues including the issues of Jammu and Kashmir. Avoid interfering and tampering with each other’s internal affairs. Accelerate its overall and integrated communication process for quick and positive results on all agreed bilateral issues. Take immediate steps to reduce the risk of unauthorized use of nuclear weapons or any related accident. At the same time, discuss the concepts and theories with detailed measures aimed at building trust and conflict in other traditional areas including nuclear.
  • To reaffirm our commitment to SAARC’s goals and objectives and to pursue our efforts towards achieving SAARC goals for 2000 years and to promote the welfare of the people of South Asia and to promote economic development, social progress and cultural Through constant development, they will be constantly working to improve their living standards. Always condemn terrorism in every form and always will be determined to counter this threat. Promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms.

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